Dr W Large
Nihilism art technology and politics
24 February 2007
What is the difference between H of Being and Time and the later Heidegger? In BT, it is a question of describing the ahistorical transcendental structure of human existence. From the 1930s onwards it increasing becomes a question of history. What is the understanding of being that is particular to the West now.
Does the structure of human existence remain the same, and only the content changes through history?
How we understand ourselves is how we end up relating to things.
Social practices thus transmit not only an implicit understanding of what it is to be a human being, an animal, or an object, but, finally, an understanding of what it is for anything to be at all.
The art work sets truth to work - it reflects what our social practices are.
Thus artworks are not representations or symbols, but produce a 'shared understanding'.
The resistance of this process to complete rationalisation - paradigms are what give the source for our values and rationality, and thus in themselves cannot be completely open to rationalisation and normative inquiry. This resistance, H calls 'earth'.